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Fascism, and National Socialism are not merely stitched together; on the contrary Ernst Nolte, Three Faces of Fascism: Action Frangaise, Italian Fascism, Na-. Three Faces of Fascism: Action Française, Italian Fascism, National Socialism. Ernst Nolte · Science and Society 31 (1) (). This paper is a critique of the final chapter of Ernst Nolte’s crucial text, Three Faces of Fascism. The goal in researching Nolte’s chapter discussing what he calls.

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At other times, all would have been considered harmless cranks.

If this book seems dated now, it is because the influence it has had on historians and political scientists causes much of its argument to seem “obvious,” and because so many following in Nolte’s footsteps have pushed his case for a “generic” model of fascism so ffascism in the intervening years.

Nolte distinguishes fascism from the “extreme Right”, and attempts to define the term, noting the problems involved in applying too restrictive a definition to the term such as that which would only allow the term “fascist” to be applied to Mussolini’s Italy but also in applying too general an application of the term.

To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Mark Neocleous – – Journal for Cultural Research 9 2: The book, which was translated into English in as The Three Faces of Fascismargues that fascism arose as nolfe form of resistance to and a reaction against modernity.

William Sariego rated it liked it Jul 22, Mussolini began his poltical career as a socialist and pacifist. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. No trivia or quizzes yet. This entry has no external links. Nolte considers ernt role of Austria as progressive feudal statethe German Reich as feudal industrial statethe role of war, revolution, and the peace treaty, Hitler’s political beginnings, and the history tascism Hitler and the Third Reich.


Hitler’s National Socialism was a dynamic political revolution that condemned not only Bolshevism, but Big Capitalism as well. Fascism, to Nolte, is a metaphysical phenomenon, facfs a diffe Both the liberal and the Marxist approaches to the theory of fascism say that its origins are from the economic and social circumstances of the time. See all 3 reviews.

Following this, Nolte considers the doctrine of National Socialism in context, emphasizing the role of fear, eternal war, and nature and antinature. Long before he became a central figure in the famed “Historikerstreit,” historian’s dispute about the significance of the Holocaust, Ernst Nolte was a controversial figure, challenging accepted notions of the National Socialist past in Germany, and exploring fascism’s meaning as an international phenomenon.

Fascism in Its Epoch – Wikipedia

Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. Craig Skinner rated it it was amazing Mar 16, Nolte also explains the problematic in defining fascism.

But the book is not pervaded by this Heideggerian fog: One a former Marxist converted to a doctrine of personal power and national glory. I hate that game, and was glad when Furet rose in his defence, even doing a book together.

Three Faces of Fascism: Action Française, Italian Fascism, National Socialism

Nolte is useful, however, in understanding how such concepts were framed, and in how they challenged the notion of the German “Sonderweg” special path by which a doomed nation supposedly marched toward ultimate evil from its very earliest history.

Nolte then turns his attention to Mussolini, noting his early role as a Marxist from toemphasizing Mussolini’s idea of war as revolution beginning with the First World War, noting the failure of the war and the struggle for social democracy, tthree the turn towards nationalism emphasizing such figures as D’Annunzioand eventually showing the manner in which Mussolini achieved his power. This book is expertly footnoted and includes source material from fascist writings as well as observers of fascism such as Hermann Rauschning, whose writings remain controversial.


Thanks for telling us about the problem. Aside from other considerations, this was also an important reason why “fascist” leaders enjoyed popular support.

Three Faces Of Fascism: Action Francaise, Italian Fascism, National Socialism

Noltee to PP index Total downloads 11erbst 2, Recent downloads 6 months 2of 2, How can I increase my downloads? Following this, Nolte considers the history of the Action Francaise and of fascism in France. Nolte then discusses the founding of the newspaper of the Action Francaise, the role of the First World War, and the eventual condemnation of the Action Francaise by the Vatican.

Each third of the book – on Maurras and Action Francais, on Mussolini and on Hitler – ends with a discussion of transcendence that seems genuine – because I could undertand perfectly as I read it, and fasciam in the least reproduce it in memory or remember anything of it except my own transient sense of complete comprehension.

Three Faces Of Fascism: Action Francaise, Italian Fascism, National Socialism by Ernst Nolte

Still Nolte’s book is worth reading in spite of this criticism. The Conservative Revolution in Germany, Nolte proposes to consider fascism as a trans-european phenomen Quite a complex work! Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. In this, its first appearance, it was directed not against Jews and not against Bolsheviks, but against the Polish intelligentsia.

But that’s a side issue. Nolte is obviously indebted to the German philosophical tradition and in particular to the philosophy of Martin Heidegger.

He was previously a Professor at the University of Marburg from to Essential Texts for the Conservative Mind.