On establishing universal peace in truth, justice, charity and liberty. To our venerable brothers the patriarchs, primates, archbishops, bishops and other local . Pacem in Terris, an encyclical written by Pope John XXIII. This is only a summary review. THE LIFE. Papa Giovanni XXIII Enciclica Pacem in Terris. BIRTH AND FIRST YEARS OF LIFE IN THE FAMILY · EDUCATION TO THE PRIESTHOOD.
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In the economic sphere, it is evident that a man has the inherent right not only to be given the opportunity to enciclcia, but also to be allowed the exercise of personal initiative in the work he does. It is merely that their authority is not sufficiently influential. Men’s common interests make it imperative that at long last a world-wide community of nations be established.
Here, then, we have an objective dictated first of all by reason. Apostolate of a Trained Laity Considering the need, the men who are shouldering this responsibility are far too few in number, yet they are deserving of the highest recognition from society, and We rightfully honor them with Our public praise. Its sovereign duty is to recognize the noble realm of freedom and protect its rights.
Pacem in terris lit. Human society can be neither well-ordered nor prosperous unless it has some people invested with legitimate authority to preserve its institutions and to devote themselves as far as is necessary to work and care for the good of all.
The conditions in which a man works form a necessary corollary to these rights. But the mischief is often caused by erroneous opinions. But since by nature all men are equal in human dignity, it follows that no one may be coerced to perform interior acts.
Pacem in Terris (April, 11 ) | John XXIII
Hence every civilized community must have a ruling authority, and this authority, no less than society itself, has its source in nature, enxiclica consequently has God for its author. The United Nations Organization had as its essential purpose the maintenance and consolidation of peace between peoples, fostering between them friendly relations, based on the principles of equality, mutual respect, and varied forms of cooperation in every sector of human endeavor.
For this reason, it is not irrelevant to draw the attention of the world to the fact that these refugees are persons and all their rights as enciiclica must be recognized. It is also terriw by the common good that civil authorities should make earnest efforts to bring about a situation in which individual citizens can easily exercise their rights and fulfill their duties as well.
These laws clearly indicate how a man must behave toward his fellows in society, and how the mutual relationships between the members of a Enciclicx and its officials are to be conducted. These men, necessarily few in number, but deserving recognition for their contributions in the field of human relations, We publicly praise and at the same time We earnestly invite them to persevere in their work with ever greater zeal. And it has reduced men and parties to the difficult task of rebuilding, after sad experience, on the ruins of discord.
Pacem In Terris
It is an age in which men, having discovered the atom and achieved the breakthrough into outer space, are now exploring other avenues, leading to almost limitless horizons. Secondly, the part that women are now playing in political life is everywhere evident.
In addition, heads of States must make a positive contribution to the creation of an overall climate in which the individual can both safeguard his own rights and fulfill his duties, and can do so readily. Third Lateran Council — A. But this requires that the fundamental principles upon which peace is based in today’s world be replaced by an altogether different one, namely, the realization that true and lasting peace among nations cannot consist in the possession of an equal supply of armaments but only in mutual trust.
Not only can it happen, but it actually does happen that the advantages and conveniences which nations strive to acquire for themselves become objects of contention; nevertheless, the resulting disagreements must be settled, not by force, nor by deceit or trickery, but rather in the only manner which is worthy of the dignity of man, i.
Second Council of Nicaea — A.
Pacem in Terris
In his association with his fellows, therefore, there is every reason why his recognition of rights, observance of duties, and many-sided collaboration with other men, should be primarily a matter of his own personal decision. Finally, it is opportune to point out that the right to own private property entails a social obligation as well.
And so, if one country increases its armaments, others feel the need to do the same; and if one country is equipped with nuclear weapons, other countries must produce their own, equally destructive. One of the principal duties of any government, moreover, is the suitable and adequate superintendence and co-ordination of men’s respective rights in society. Again and again We must insist on the need for helping these peoples in a way which guarantees to them the preservation of their own freedom.
Any well-regulated and productive association of men in society demands the acceptance of one fundamental principle: Every human being has the right to freedom of movement and of residence within the confines of his own country; and, when there are just reasons for it, the right to emigrate to other countries and take up residence there. And the same principle must be adopted by civil authorities in their various efforts to facilitate the exercise of rights and performance of duties in every department of social life.
But what emerges first and foremost from the progress of scientific knowledge and the inventions of technology is the infinite greatness of God Himself, who created both man and the universe. May He transform all men into witnesses of truth, justice and brotherly love. These principles are clearly contained in that passage in Our encyclical Mater et Magistra where We emphasized that the common good “must take account of all those social conditions which favor the full development of human personality.
There is nothing human about a society that is welded together by force. The Pope Speaks9 In determining the structure and operation of government which a State is to have, great weight has to be given to the circumstances of a given paem, circumstances which will vary at different times and in different places. These rights and duties are universal and rerris, and therefore altogether inalienable.
By its means enlightened men can share their knowledge of the truth, can claim their rights and fulfill their duties, receive encouragement in their aspirations for the goods of the spirit, share their enjoyment of all the wholesome pleasures of the world, and strive continually to pass on to others all that is best in themselves and to make their own the spiritual riches of others. Pope Francis Evangelii Gaudium Laudato si’. They derive, for the most part, from the ejciclica of man’s natural rights.
The deep feelings of paternal love for all mankind which God has implanted in Our heart makes it impossible for Us to view without bitter anguish of spirit the plight of those who for political reasons have been exiled from their own homelands. Their calmness, integrity, clear sightedness and perseverance must be such that they will recognize at once what is needed in a given situation, and act with promptness and efficiency.
The warning of Pius XII still rings in our ears: This awareness prompts them to claim a share in the public administration of their country, while it also accounts for the demand that their own inalienable and inviolable rights be protected by law.
And since our present age is one of outstanding scientific and technical progress and excellence, one will not be able to enter these organizations and work effectively from within unless he is scientifically competent, technically capable and skilled in the practice of his own profession.
There can be no doubt that a State juridical system which conforms to the principles of justice and rightness, and corresponds to the degree of civic maturity evinced by the State in question, is highly conducive to the attainment of the common good. Thus all over the world men are either the citizens of an independent State, or are shortly to become so; nor is any nation nowadays content to submit to foreign domination. Therefore, in an age such as ours which prides itself on its atomic energy it is contrary to reason to hold that war is now a suitable way to restore rights which have been violated.
At the same time We are encouraged to hope that many more men, Christians especially, will join their cause, spurred on by love and the realization of their duty.