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Armin Heinen, Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail: mişcare socială şi organizaţie politică (Bucharest: Editura Humanitas, ), p, mentions 16, For the most complete monograph to date, see Armin Heinen, Die Legion “ Erzengel Michael”, in Rumänien: . 40 Heinen, Legiunea “Arhanghelului Mihail”, Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“ – Armin Heinen, Cornelia Esianu, Delia Esianu by: Armin Heinen (author) Cornelia Esianu (author) Delia Esianu (author).

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The emphasis on salvation was defined as peculiar to the Legion, differentiating it from both Italian fascism and German Nazism.

That is why Weber considered bureaucracy and charisma as opposites. On the 27th November more than 60 former dignitaries or officials were executed in Jilava prison while awaiting trial; historian and former prime minister Nicolae Iorga and economic theorist Virgil Madgearualso a former government minister, were assassinated the following day.

Every hour of its existence brings it nearer to the end. In order to compensate for the lack of a substantive Romanian middle class in the new provinces, the Liberal Party launched a strong cultural offensive that would rapidly produce a unified national elite.

The Legion also differed from other fascist movements in that it had its mass base among the peasantry and students, rather than among military veterans.

Erikson, Young Man Luther: On the left is a quotation from the Bible attributed to Saint Michael and written on his icon in the Cathedral of the Coronation in Alba Iulia where Greater Romania was proclaimed: He professed that the Archangel Michael had appeared to him and urged him to dedicate his life to God.

In the first days, it turned out that one [prisoner] was missing: On 17—19 April, Codreanu was arrested. It is clear that the fate of the rebellious—but ultimately triumphant— slave was predestined to me, too, as to my forerunners.

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Chapter 1. Charisma, Religion, and Ideology: Romania’s Interwar Legion of the Archangel Michael

In the spirit of his vision, Codreanu proclaimed Saint Michael as patron of the new movement, one of the seven archangels who defeated Lucifer and his followers, expelling them to hell.

It seemed to be stronger than me, stronger than the order of the prefect who denied him speech. He destroyed the organization but its commander, Horia Sima, and some other leaders escaped to Germany. The immense cellar seemed an oven on fire: In a rare application of the concept of charisma to the history of the Balkans, George Th.

First, the Legion expanded its regional basis.

People will be served and saved, because we do not intend to wrmin a single moment from the Icon and its order. And, like every living system, it is moved by a force. He did not suspect, poor him, that this refined protection was to lead him in several years to the same fate as I.

He professed that the Archangel Michael had appeared to him and urged him to dedicate his life to God. Although its message of theological inspiration attracted numerous lower-rank prelates, from the point of view of the established church the Legion was ultimately a heretical movement. Secret negotiations for political collaboration with Codreanu were conducted in February but proved fruitless.

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It is lehiunea that the arminn of the rebellious—but ultimately triumphant— slave was predestined to me, too, as to my forerunners. He remained in jail for an additional six months for shooting his comrade Vernicescu for alleged betrayal.

Free Press The boys sent word to the city asking for a volunteer prisoner from among the free Legionaries, so that the commander of the prison did not get into trouble with the superior authority! The Ion Zelea Codreanu and the Sima factions But it was the triumph of nihilism, criminal revenge, and self-destruction.

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He directed his efforts at building a movement of devoted followers llegiunea specifically targeted certain age or socio-professional categories, such as students. In the first category, he placed revisionist ethnic groups—such as Bulgarians, Russians, and Hungarians—who advocated the dismemberment of the Romanian national state. We have the creed that, this time, we go straight to the target, and victory is assured. Charisma is an inadequate word to define the strange force that emanated from this man.

Livezeanu focuses on the genesis of the Legion in the s, placing it in the context of the nation-building process within Greater Romania and linking it with inter-ethnic and rural-urban social cleavages, most manifest in the educational system. Cornell University Press, Solid construita documentar, impecabila metodologic, lucrarea de fata este, probabil, cea mai verosimila analiza a unei teme care nu si-a epuizat inca sensurile explozive.

He concluded that the Legion was armmin populist movement developed in areas where there was a political vacuum which could be exploited After that, they stormed the national radio, publicly announced the avenging of their captain, and gave themselves up to the police.

Founded by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu on June 24,as the “Legion of the Archangel Michael ” Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihailand led by him until his assassination inadherents to the movement continued to be widely referred to as “legionnaires” sometimes “legionaries”; Romanian: Rutgers University Press, p.

The emphasis on salvation was defined as peculiar to the Legion, differentiating it legiunew both Italian fascism and German Nazism.