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Stanzel defines various types and levels of mediacy, and concludes that there are three main narrative situations: first person (when the narrator’s world is the. The Circle of Narrative. A THEORY OF NARRATIVE. By Franz Stanzel. Translated by Charlotte G with a preface by Paul Hernadi. Cambridge: Cambridge. F.K. Stanzel, A Theory of Narrative. Transi, by Charlotte in an able translation, supervised by Franz Stanzel himself, of his Theorie des Erzählens (Göt-.

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And if a whole book is not consistendy one diing or anodier, mat is not die fault of the uieory or the book. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Teller Character and Reflector Character a Teller mode: Skip to main content.

Victorian writers preferred the authorial narrative or the quasi-autobiographical form of the first-person narration. The succession of the basic forms of narration summary, report, description, commentary, scenic presentation interspersed with action report.

An illusion of im-mediacy is created. There is no apparent narrator.

Franz Karl Stanzel

Stanzel believes that what is central to fictional narrative is die mediation of die story, that is, who teUs it and how.

Narrative modes overt mediacy covert mediacy indirect direct personalization impersonalization telling showing summary scenic presentation report 1.

But notwidistanding this, there is a very full and informative discussion of die interaction of aU the categories since die categories always interact. Living people Austrian academics Austrian literary critics births. But that is not a prob- lem for die dieory if its edges are left sharp. On die odier hand, “die narrative situations are conceived as ideal types” p. Person is the category which accounts for die nar- rator: Thus die diree major categories provide a rich taxonomy for describing narrative narratlve narratives.


Franz Karl Stanzel – Wikipedia

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That leads him to propose three categories which enable die mediation of a fiction to be described. Please help improve this article if you can. A work is complex of basic narrative forms whose profile may be charted. It is this familiarity and respect for narratives which leads Stanzel to insist that his major categories have fuzzy edges.

Notify me of new comments via email. In fact, all narration is first-person because there is always a narrator between the reader and the story. This seeming contradiction comes about in part because Stanzel tries, often very successfully, to deal with requirements which he himself feels to be contradictory: Possibilities of narrative mediation: The narration may be highly personalized or relatively invisible.

A Theory of Narrative – F. K. Stanzel – Google Books

By continuing to use this website, you agree to their nadrative. In the “First-person narrative situation”, the events are related by a “narrating I” who takes part in the action in the fictional world as a character or as the “experiencing I”.

Retrieved from ” https: Whenever a piece of news is conveyed, whenever something is reported, there is a mediator- the voice of a narrator is audible.

Kronick’s provocative reading of Whitman includes a convincing analysis of Whitman’s use of chiasmus, but he mars his case widi a spectacular misreading of the “dumb, beautiful ministers” of “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry” as Whitman’s apostrophe to his readers rather than to the sights along die coast.


Literary Studies Literature is a luxury; fiction is a necessity. They also provide a compendium for all those who are interested in die nature of narrative fiction. The narrator either exists as a character within the world of the fictional events of the story, or he exists outside it.

The three major categories and dieir primary distinctions are arranged by Stanzel in a diagram around a circle which he calls “The Typological Circle. It should be understood that the narrative situation can change at any point. In he succeeded Koziol in Graz. The “authorial narrative situation” is characterised by the dominance of the external perspective.

This page was last edited on 1 Aprilat In each of the three narrative situations, another constitutive element or pole of the binary opposition associated with it attains dominance over the other constitutive elements and their poles. You are commenting using your Facebook account. They may teU die story from an internal or external perspective.

By using this narratjve, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Scene with extensive dialogue and brief impersonal allusions to the context and action. Stanzel’s typological circle featuring “three narrztive narrative situations”, which describes various possibilities of structuring the mediacity of narrative, is based on three elements.